On the "climate" side of our issues, there are a lot of other organizations out there operating in the same space. This list is by no means comprehensive, but it is a good place to see many of the other groups (either for - or against) working in this arena. If we've missed someone or made an error, please feel free to let us know and we will update this page accordingly.
Groups Working on Climate
UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
Most inclusive and legitimate global treaty on climate policy in effect. Members meet at annual COP summits. Contains no binding limits on emissions and provides no enforcement mechanisms on emission reduction. The Framework provides the means with which to negotiate other treaties that could create binding measures on emissions and climate.
Provides research and support for carbon pricing. Lagarde supports carbon tax over cap-and-trade because it raises revenue and provides a predictable price of carbon.
A couple of initiatives focusing on bringing together current carbon pricing members to collaborate on effective policy and to call on other entities to price carbon.
Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition (Launched at COP21)
Goal: “Expand the use of effective carbon pricing policies that can maintain competitiveness, create jobs, encourage innovation, and deliver meaningful emissions reductions.”
Partners: Netherlands, Norway, Morocco, Alberta, Quebec, British Columbia, California, France, and other countries; more than 50 private sector companies, including energy companies; 17 NGO and nonprofit partners including the IMF, Ceres, and We Mean Business
Carbon Pricing Leadership Panel
Goal: “[Call] on their peers to follow their lead and put a price on carbon.”
Membership: World Bank Group, IMF, OECD, Germany, France, California, Chile, Ethiopia, CalPERS, Engie, and others
International Carbon Action Partnership
“Facilitates cooperation between countries, sub-national jurisdictions and supranational institutions that have established or are actively pursuing carbon markets through mandatory cap and trade systems.”
31 full members and 4 observers: EU, Switzerland, RGGI, WCI (California, Quebec, Manitoba, BC, etc.), Oregon, Washington, Arizona, Australia, New Zealand, Tokyo. Observers: Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Ukraine.
Global Climate Change and Development Strategy--Five year plan that focuses on:
“Support for climate-smart development reaches more than 50 countries around the world, with on average about $335 million per year from fiscal years 2010-2015.”
- Adaptation: improving resiliency by identifying and addressing specific climate risks.
- Mitigation: reducing emissions while achieving growth, which focuses on renewable energy and sustainable land practices).
- Integration: putting climate knowledge into practice in all appropriate policy planning areas.
In response to President Obama’s Climate Action Plan, the Ex-Im bank board agreed to stop financing most new coal plants abroad. In reauthorization negotiations, some in Congress have worked to prohibit this order.
Departments Within Federal Agencies
The following offices work in either climate research or conduct climate programs related to their departmental function (ex. HUD and green building):
- Agriculture, Global Change Program Office
- Commerce, NOAA, Climate Program Office
- Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Climate Science Measurements and Environmental Technologies
- Energy, Energy Information Administration
- Energy, Office of Biological & Environmental Research, Climate and Environmental Division
- HHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Climate Change and Public Health
- HUD, Community Planning and Development, Green Homes and Communities
- Interior, US Geological Survey, Climate Change Science
- Interior, USGS, National Wetlands Research Center, Global Climate Change
- Justice, Environmental Management System
- State Department
- Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highways and Climate Change
- Transportation, Transportation and Climate Change Clearinghouse
Develops stakeholder engagement (corporate+ngo) to build lasting relationships that work to solve major problems. Partners include corporations, nonprofits, foundations, and media groups.
Works on various environmental issues and records some successes in state legislation or business-nonprofit agreements. Supports carbon tax as best realistic policy option.
Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES), Formerly affiliated with PEW
Business Environmental Leadership Council
Businesses agreeing that voluntary action is insufficient to address climate change, that business engagement is critical for developing efficient, effective solutions to the climate problem, and that companies taking early action on climate strategies and policy will gain sustained competitive advantage over their peers.
30 major corporations. Members do not agree jointly to specific policies, but generally agree to undertake climate action voluntarily and that some type of market-based compulsory mechanism is the best way to address emissions.
American Sustainable Business Council
“Advocates for policy change at the federal and state level that supports a more sustainable economy.”
Brings together “business associations across the United States, which in turn represents over 200,000 businesses and 325,000 business executives, owners, investors, and others.”
Supports a range of climate policy tools: Carbon pricing, renewable portfolio standards, feed-in tariffs, banning fossil fuel extraction, and ending subsidies for fossil fuels.
We Mean Business
“A coalition of organizations working with thousands of the world’s most influential businesses and investors. To accelerate [the] transition [to a low carbon economy], we have formed a common platform to amplify the business voice, catalyze bold climate action by all, and promote smart policy frameworks.”
Coalition Built Organizations
Business for Social Responsibility
250 member companies seeking to “build just and sustainable world”
Work focus: membership, advisory services, collaboration, research
Carbon Disclosure Project
Measurement and information disclosure of carbon to improve the management of environmental risk and inform business, investment, and policy decision making.
Thousands of companies and cities across the world’s largest economies voluntarily disclose their environmental information.
“Mobilize[s] a powerful network of investors, companies and public interest groups to accelerate and expand the adoption of sustainable business practices and solutions to build a healthy global economy.”
Partners include “leading investors, Fortune 500 companies, thought leaders and policymakers” coming together to create “positive change.”
Work on climate change supports corporate disclosure and governance measures, recommends inclusion of climate in risk disclosure and planning, and calls for substantial policy that moves country to a low carbon economy.
Business for Innovative Climate & Energy Policy (BICEP): Group of more than 30 businesses appealing directly to policy makers for climate action
The B Team
“Global business leaders [coming] together to advance the wellbeing of people and the planet.” Proposes a “Plan B” for businesses, that business decisions must consider social and environmental consequences, rather than profits alone.
Leaders include current and former corporate, media, government, and NGO heads, such as Sir Richard Branson and Arianna Huffington.
Aims to move economy to net zero by 2050, supports carbon price and ending fossil fuel subsidies.
The Climate Group
“Works with corporate and government partners to develop climate finance mechanisms, business models which promote innovation, and supportive policy frameworks.
“Convene leaders, share hard evidence of successful low carbon growth, and pilot practical solutions which can be replicated worldwide.”
Partners include international mix of governments, corporations, and NGOs. Membership principles state a concern over climate change and a call for market reforms to move to a low carbon economy.
Their work and policy recommendations are quite diverse, no specific endorsement of a carbon tax.
The Prince of Wales’s Corporate Leadership Group
“Seeks to [address climate change] through bringing European business leaders together to advocate for policy change in relation to climate change and a low carbon transition, drawing on high-level convening, thought leadership, business innovation and new partnerships as required.”
22 UK, EU, and international member corporations. Directly pressures policy makers on climate, but does not make specific policy recommendations.
World Business Council for Sustainable Development
“Members work together across sectors, geographies and value chains to explore, develop and scale up business solutions to address the world’s most pressing sustainability challenges”
Generally calls for public policy and market changes to incentivize low carbon economy, but makes no specific policy proposals. Includes over a hundred members from US, EU, other developed countries, and developing countries.
Energy Transitions Commission
Brings together diverse business and political leaders to chart a course for the energy industry’s future. Seeks to inform how changes in energy industry can best proceed. Website does not specifically mention carbon pricing, but many of its commissioners (Hank Paulson and Jay Faison among them) have publicly supported carbon taxes or carbon pricing.
Institute for Policy Studies (Progressive)
Supports climate action generally, either carbon tax or cap and trade. Emphasizes need for a socially ‘just’ policy.
R Street Institute (Conservative, Nonpartisan)
Researchers and writers support (presumably, a revenue neutral) carbon tax as most economically efficient way to address climate change.
Niskanen Center (Libertarian)
Research covers and supports revenue neutral carbon tax.
Sightline Institute (Independent, Pacific Northwest-focused)
Advocated for Oregon and Washington to adopt state carbon taxes based on the British Columbia model. Also covers other environmental issues in the Pacific Northwest.
American Enterprise Institute (Nonpartisan, but leans center-right, pro-business)
Research from Adele Morris (Brookings) and Aparna Mathur (AEI) supports a carbon tax and examines different ways of using revenue (revenue neutral tax cuts, rebates, etc.). Some other researchers have been more critical of carbon taxes.
Third Way (Moderate, left leaning)
Research discusses many aspects of energy policy and many different climate policies, but only one report supporting carbon pricing (from 2010)
Pew Trusts, Project on National Security, Energy, and Climate (Nonpartisan)
The overall Pew Clean Energy Program focuses on transitioning to a clean energy economy; some research and news mention carbon taxes, but don’t necessarily endorse them. Provides research on national security, energy usage, and climate change topics. Argues for clean energy and energy efficiency measures within the DOD to insulate military from higher oil prices and to become a leader in the clean energy transition
Center for Naval Analyses (The CNA Corporation)
Division of the CNA Corporation (nonprofit research organization). Federally funded nonprofit serving Department of the Navy (and other defense agencies). Studies military preparedness and effectiveness on resource use, technology, systems, operations, strategy, etc. Some research looks into climate change and its effects on security and military operations.
Hoover Institution (Conservative, though officially nonpartisan)
Produces research on energy and environment; some research has endorsed a carbon price as a tool to reduce emissions. Fellows include George Shultz, a carbon tax proponent.
Brookings Institution (Nonpartisan, sometimes described as center-left leaning)
Researches environmental and energy policy issues. Some Brookings researchers, reports, opinions, and blogs have examined and/or supported carbon taxes.
The Atlantic Council (Nonpartisan, foreign policy focused)
Some research on climate change and energy policy, mostly looking at global issues; nothing specific on carbon pricing.
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Independent)
Energy and Climate program researches, much with an international relations focus, and some discussing carbon pricing or taxes
Council of Foreign Relations (Independent)
Some events and writings on energy and environmental issues, notably climate change and security and international climate or environmental agreements; nothing detailing or endorsing carbon pricing.
Center for Strategic and International Studies (Bipartisan)
Energy and Climate Change program researches global energy trends and climate effects that influence security; some research discusses carbon pricing, cap-and-trade, and carbon taxes
RAND Corporation (Nonpartisan)
Energy and Environment group researches current energy policy’s effects on the environment and the effects of global climate change, including some research on carbon taxes and pricing (one blog post endorsed carbon taxes as the best policy)
Heritage Foundation (Conservative)
Energy and Environment research makes conservative arguments; specifically, the group’s energy policy agenda for the next president focuses on limiting regulation, ending subsidies, and encouraging fossil fuel exports
Cato Institute (Libertarian)
Energy and Environment research heavily free market oriented; recent report argues a carbon tax would be ineffective and expensive, and the report specifically questions estimations of the social cost of carbon. Giving from Cato people has been about $100k for three cycles, increasingly in soft money contributions.
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
Research on environment and energy policy; some reports have examined the link between climate change and national security and one has endorsed a carbon tax
Center for American Progress (Liberal, progressive)
Research and commentary covers a range of environment and energy policy topics, with reports covering climate change and national security, decreasing fossil fuel use, more renewables, resilient infrastructure
Advocacy Focused Groups
Carbon Tax Center
A non-profit, non-partisan advocacy organization that was launched in January 2007 to give voice to Americans who believe that taxing emissions of carbon dioxide — along with commensurate taxes on methane and other greenhouse gases — is imperative to reduce global warming.
Citizens Climate Lobby
A non-profit, non-partisan, grassroots advocacy organization focused on national policies to address climate change. Trains and supports volunteers to engage elected officials, the media, and the public to build support for Carbon Fee and Dividend proposal.
Climate Crisis Coalition
Facilitates, participates in, and publicizes local and national climate actions that draw attention to the climate crisis and the strong measures needed to address it. Focuses on coalition building, sponsors events, and promotes policy at local, national, and international levels.
Friends of the Earth
Global network of two million activists urging policymakers to defend the environment. Seeks to change the perception of the public, media and policy makers with hard-hitting, well-reasoned policy analysis and advocacy campaigns that describe what needs to be done, rather than what is politically feasible.
Million Letter March
Calls for public to communicate with elected officials to stress importance of climate action. Supports a carbon fee and rebate system. Supports maintaining or expanding EPA regulatory authority and shifting subsidies for fossil fuels to renewables.
501(c) status unknown
Pricing Carbon Initiative
Seeks to build consensus on need for a carbon price through confidential discussions with policy makers at various levels. Supports state-level legislation, international accords, and eventually federal legislation to price carbon. Supports a carbon fee, but not wedded to any specific proposal.
Get America Working
Favors cutting or replacing the payroll tax (discouraging labor) with a carbon tax (discouraging pollution). Lots of economic talk about theory behind proposal, but rather little discussion of details or politics of plan.
Citizens for Responsible Energy Solutions
Conservative group campaigns for bipartisan support for energy policy that develops modern energy technology and stabilizes energy supply and prices. Uses some conservative buzzwords: “private enterprise drives innovation,” “scale back dependence on oil from hostile nations,” and “responsible stewards of God’s creation.”
Calls for global carbon price. Provides research hoping to support awareness of and debate on carbon pricing initiatives.
National Resources Defense Council
Covers many environmental issues, and strongly supports the CPP and other regulatory measures to cap emissions, also supports renewables development. No clear stance on a carbon price.
Earth Day Network
Coordinating activism and civic engagement on a number of environmental initiatives from national to local levels. Climate change action generally focuses on coalition building and public engagement.
The Climate Reality Project
Calls generally for a switch from fossil fuels to clean energy; some reports discuss measuring and addressing the social cost of carbon, but without endorsing specific proposals. Supports grassroots activism, international agreements on emission reductions.
Environmental Defense Fund
Works on wide range of environmental issues. Emphasizes growing clean energy supply; various articles or blogs have endorsed carbon pricing or taxes
World Wildlife Fund
Works on various environmental issues. Supports expanding renewable energy and working with the private sector to reduce emissions
The Nature Conservancy
Works on many environmental issues.
Focuses on grassroots movements, expanding green financing, and renewable energy development; some reports have discussed social cost of carbon and carbon pricing, not a visible part of platform
Wildlife Conservation Society
Focuses on biodiversity conservation and protecting species; looks at climate change in terms of how it affects wildlife, but doesn’t focus on the issue
Calls for no more fossil fuel extraction, 100% renewable energy future; represents a more radical approach to climate change action, not much emphasis on market reforms
Earth Policy Institute
Publishes research for media, academics, policy makers, and others to move the world to a more sustainable future; multiple articles on carbon taxes with various tax cuts or spending
International Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources
“Seeks rational and sustainable solutions for the problems plaguing the Earth’s natural resources: its plants, animals (including humans dwelling on land and in aquatic eco-systems), forests, land, water and air.” Appears to work on a variety of specific and narrow issues with the companies or stakeholders in the area, no mention of climate.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution's Ocean and Climate Change Institute
Research and education on climate change and the ocean. Works with government, individuals, and corporations to consider effects of climate on ocean.
Provides legal work for many environmental causes and organizations and defends environmental laws. Currently defending the CPP in court; supported Whitehouse/Schatz carbon fee bill; generally supportive of emission reduction measures
Global Coral Reef Alliance
Works directly with communities to manage and protect coral reefs, while supporting tourism. Identifies climate change as a major risk to coral; supports GHG reduction to fight climate change, no specific policy recommendation.
Party or Ideology Affiliated
Progressive Democrats of America
Founded in 2004 to push Democratic party to take more progressive positions. Talks about building party focused on “citizens” not “corporate elites.” Supports carbon pricing, carbon taxes, renewable energy, banning fracking, and ending nuclear energy.
Republican Leadership Network
Informal network within Republican Party looking to modernize the party’s image to show how conservative principles benefit everyone and to boost the party’s support and goodwill with women, minorities, and young people. Supports revenue neutral carbon tax as a more efficient, market-driven solution to climate change than regulation.
Conservative group that wants to address climate change and sustainability. Argues “climate risk management” should be conservative priority and that a conservative solution would create “market-driven innovation.” Started by Bob Inglis, former Republican congressman defeated by tea party challenger for climate change position. Supports revenue neutral carbon tax.
Friends Committee on National Legislation
Quaker group advocating for policy that addresses injustice; emphasizes bipartisanship. On climate change, cites moral responsibility for stewardship and has endorsed past comprehensive carbon pricing legislation. Currently supports some bipartisan energy and environmental bills.
The Shalom Center
Seeks to “reframe social action as the expression of spiritual commitment.” Discusses wide range of issues, including environment, but lacks specificity on policy proposals or direction. A blog post called for tax and dividend legislation.
National Security Focused Groups
Truman National Security Project
Advocates for comprehensive security policies focusing on policy coordination and international alliances, robust military and intelligence, and promoting growth and democracy abroad.
Various writers and reports support addressing climate change as a security concern, discussing disaster relief, drought, scarcity, public health and tropical diseases, sea level rise, migration and conflict; no report makes a specific policy recommendation to curb emissions, policy focuses on security.
“Coalition of veterans and national security experts who believe oil dependence and climate change pose threats to our national security. We advocate for securing America with clean energy.”
Operates under Truman Project and Center for National Policy. Various campaigns, some state specific, support solar power, energy efficiency, and clean fuels.
The Center for National Policy
“Brings together leaders from government, the private sector, and civil society to develop strong, smart and principled solutions to global challenges.”
Recognizes climate change as a security issue, endorses no specific policy tool. Defense Energy Program encourages the DOD to invest in clean energy. Works with Truman Project.
The Center for Climate & Security
“Facilitates policy development processes and dialogues, provides analysis, conducts research, and acts as a resource hub in the climate and security field.” Has a policy working group, but does not publicly promote a specific policy option to address climate change. A separate LLC provides climate/security consulting services
Some American universities sponsor institutes or programs focusing on climate change. These groups’ work generally includes research, informing policy and leaders, interdisciplinary focuses, student research funding, and sometimes public engagement on climate.
- Rutgers Climate Institute
- University of Maine Climate Change Institute
- Columbia University, The Earth Institute
- Cornell University, Cornell Institute for Climate Change and Agriculture
- Yale Climate & Energy Institute
- Oregon State University, Oregon Climate Change Research Institute
- Florida Climate Institute (UF, FIU, FSU, UCF, UM, USF)
- Rice University, Baker Institute for Public Policy’s Climate Change Initiative
- UCLA, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, Center for Climate Change Solutions
- University of Maryland, Joint Global Change Research Institute
- Colorado State University, School of Global Environmental Sustainability, Centers and Institutes: Climate Change and Energy
- Carnegie Mellon University, Scott Institute for Energy Innovation
- UC Berkeley Energy and Climate Institute
- Duke University, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Climate and Energy Program
- University of Texas, Environmental Science Institute